India is said to be the land of festivals. It’s true indeed. India is a place where people from diverse religions, traditions, faiths live together peacefully. This culturally rich land of festivals is known all over the world as a country of cultural and traditional festivals. Whereas many people come to visit India during the festive celebrations. The Festivals Of India has a different authentic vibe. This vibe spreads in the air making you fall more deeply in love with this diverse land. India celebrates at least one festival in a month.
Being a secular country and full of diverse cultures, traditions, languages, a large number of people are there in big celebrations. Each religion has its prominent festivals and traditions. Moreover, each festival in India is celebrated uniquely differently as per the rituals, faiths and also its important histories. Festivals Of India have their history, legend, and importance of celebration.
List of Popular Festivals of India
Celebrations of a large number of festivals are in India all around the year. But the most happening, exciting and popular festivals of India. These festivals of India is the most compelling evidence of diversity in the nation. Let’s find a list of Indian festivals.
1. Diwali – Festival Of Lights:
One of the most popular Festivals of India, Diwali is the festival of lights. Celebrated for five days, it’s also the largest celebrated festival in India.Besides this Diwali marks the celebration of the victory of good over evil. Also, the return of Ram from exile of 14 years. India celebrates this festival of lights with grandeur. The houses are decorated with colourful lights and oil lamps. Sweets are made and distributed. The entire family comes together to celebrate this festival.
Diwali is a 5-day festival starting from ‘Dhanteras.’ The next day of Diwali is the ‘Naraka Chaturdashi‘ or ‘Choti Diwali‘ meaning small Diwali. It is said that getting up before sunrise and having a bath with holy powder mix release you from chances of being in hell afterlife. Main Diwali, ‘Lakshmi Pooja’ is on the 3rd day. The third day is the main and the most important festive day. The whole household is bright with oil lamps and colourful lights. Goddess Lakshmi is the guest on this day. ‘Padwa‘ is the next day that is the 4th day. After all the last day of Diwali is called ‘Bhai dooj‘ or Bhai tilak. It celebrates the brother-sister bond, similar to Raksha Bandhan.
Importance: Diwali signifies the return of Lord Ram, his wife Sita and brother Lakshman, after an exile of 14 years.
Key attractions: Colorful lights, Rangoli patterns, decorated houses, fireworks, and crackers.
Celebrated when: Mid-October to Mid-November as per the Gregorian Calendar.
Celebrated in which region: All over India.
2. Ganesh Chaturthi Most Famous Festivals of India:
Ganesh Chaturthi, another one of the famous Festivals of India. It is a 10-day affair for pampering Lord Ganesha. Lord Ganesha is welcomed in every household and is worshipped for ten days. Houses and public pandals install Handmade idols of Ganesha. Bal Gangadhar Tilak turned the private, household Ganesh Chaturthi celebration into the present day public celebrations. Furthermore, On the last day, the Visarjan takes place as a farewell for Lord Ganesh telling them to come back soon next year.
Importance: Public gathering for celebrations for tightening the bonds in people. Also for celebrating the birth of Lord Ganesh.
Key attractions: Beautifully decorated pandals with various themes, Visarjan (immersion ceremony), Dhol-Tasha shows and mouthwatering sweets.
Celebrated when: Around August or September
Celebrated in which region: Prominently observed in the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu.
3. Durga Puja Popular Festival in India:
Durga Puja or Pujo is one of the most prominent and popular Festivals of India. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm by the Bengali community, throughout the country. Whereas, Durga Puja is a ten-day festival particularly in honour of Goddess Durga, the Goddess of Prosperity, Goodness, And Devotion. Various pandals in the city host huge idols of Durga Mata in grandeur. Furthermore, a full-fledged Indian festival with lights, colours, sweets, and people together is the main thing during this festival.
Importance: Durga Puja marks the victory of Goddess Durga in battle with the powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura.
Key attractions: Luxurious and colourful pandals, huge Durga idols, and the Puja
Celebrated when: Around September or October
Celebrated in which region: Prominently Kolkata and other places in West Bengal
4. Holi – The Festival of the Colors:
Holi is the festival of the colours and one the most colourful celebration on the Earth. This festival is following the mythological story of Demoness Holika trying to kill Prahlad, a devotee of Lord Vishnu. Holika gets burns and dies fire leaving Prahlad untouched. On the eve of Holi, people pile up wood and make a bonfire of it, perform puja and burning it shouting and celebrating around it. This ritual signifies the victory of good over evil. On the other hand, people play with coloured powders, coloured water, and water-filled balloons. In some places, there is also a ritual to drink bhang thandai (cold flavoured milk).
Importance: The festival of Holi signifies the arrival of spring the victory of good (Prince Prahlad) over evil (Holika).
Key attractions: Bonfire for Holika, playing with colours and coloured water, bhang thandai
Celebrated when: Month of March
Celebrated in which region: Almost all over the country
5. Ramadan / Eid-ul-fitar:
Eid-ul-fitar is one of the major festivals of India for the Muslim community. It marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. After following the rituals for a month, Eid-ul-fitar is the conclusion of Ramadan. People celebrate Eid with great enthusiasm and zeal. People dress up in their best dresses, offer prayers and distribute sweets. The celebration concludes with a grand feast.
Importance: It marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan.
Key attractions: Special Mouthwatering Dishes, colourful and bright houses and streets and houses.
Celebrated when: June or July
Celebrated in which region: Celebrated by Muslims all over India
6. Hemis Festival is a Popular Festivals of India:
Hemis is of the Festivals of India which is celebrated in Ladakh annually. This festival is celebrated on the 10th day of the Tse-Chu which is the Lunar month of the Tibetan Calendar. The 2-day celebration marks the birth ceremony of Guru Padmasambhava. During this festival, the Hemis Monastery is decorated splendidly to host the celebration. Also, the colourful carnival showcases the wonderful handicrafts of the region. Additionally, locals dress up in graceful traditional attires and assemble in the courtyard of Hemis Monastery, the most prominent Buddhist Monastery of Ladakh. Lamas dance around the central flagpole to the tunes of drums, cymbals, and longhorns. The cold-barren desert comes to life during the Hemis Festival.
Importance: It’s the celebration of the birth anniversary of spiritual leader Padmasambhava, founder of Tibet Tantric Buddhism.
Key attractions: The picturesque of Hemis monastery, the Cham dance, Local Delicacies.
Celebrated when: Around June or July
Celebrated in which region: Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir
7. Onam – The Harvest Festival in Kerala:
Onam is one of the popular Festivals of India in the state of Kerela. Observed specifically from August to September. This is ten days event is the best part of the culture of Kerela. It marks the homecoming of legendary King Mahabali. People wear traditional dresses, decorate houses with Pookalam – the floral designs. They cook Onasadya – an extravagant meal of about traditional 13 dishes. This is a harvest festival similarly like Pongal and Baisakhi. The Vallamkali – Snake Boat Race during Onam is an eye-catching event. One should not miss it live. For example, exotic Kaikottikali dance is something to cherish for a lifetime.
Importance: It celebrates the harvest and also the homecoming of the legendary king Mahabali.
Key attractions: The spectacular Vallamkali – Snake Boat Race, the captivating Kaikottikali dance, Pulikali procession, and the Elephant procession
Celebrated when: August or September
Celebrated in which region: The State of Kerala.
8. Pongal is one of the Most Popular Festivals of India:
The South Indian state of Tamil Nadu celebrates Pongal as their harvest festival. This 4-day long festival is a harvest festival for the specifically Tamil Nadu region. Women prepare the Pongal dish, and everyone dresses up in their traditional attire. Likewise, Celebrations by all means, involve bonfires, dances, cattle races, sweets, and savouries. The houses look radiant with Kolam designs which are traditional floral designs made with rice flour, coloured powders, and flower petals. It is one the harvest Festivals of India. It is a harvest festival similarly like Onam and Baisakhi.
Importance: It is a Harvest festival, celebrated for thanking God for a good harvest.
Key attractions: Kolam designs decorations, mouth-watering dishes, and cattle races.
Celebrated when: Usually on 14th or 15th January
Celebrated in which region: Tamil Nadu and Tamils all over India.
9. Christmas Birth of Jesus Christ:
The world celebrates Christmas with great enthusiasm. But it is also one the most popular Festivals of India. This is the most awaited festival for everyone, be it be elders or children. Children wait for Santa for their gifts. Christmas is the celebrations for the occasion of the birth anniversary of Lord Jesus Christ. Houses and streets are decorated with colourful lights, decorations and Christmas trees are put up in each house. People exchange gifts and exchange sweets. All the Churches host special programs, and carols celebrations take place for the people.
Importance: Birth of Lord Jesus Christ.
Key attractions: Colorful lights, decorated houses, decorated Christmas trees, Santa Clause, fireworks, and as well as crackers.
Celebrated when: 25th December till 1st January
Celebrated in which region: All over India.
10. Baisakhi A Famous Festival in the State of Punjab:
Baisakhi is one of the chief Festivals of India. Specifically, Sikhs celebrate it with a lot of enthusiasm in the state of Punjab. It is the harvest festival in this region similarly like Onam and Pongal. It celebrates the arrival and harvest of the season for the rabi crops. The Sikhs celebrate this Baisakhi with a lot of excitement and joy by doing local folk dances such as Bhangra and Giddha. The festival also has great religious importance in India. As it signifies the day when the 10th Guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh, laid out the foundation stone for the Panth Khalsa-the Order back in 1699.
Importance: Embracing the harvest season
Key attractions: Folk dances like Giddha and Bhangra, Punjabi meals, decorations in houses and Gurudwaras
Celebrated when: Usually on 13th or 14th April (Saturday)
Celebrated in which region: The State of Punjab
On the whole, there are a lot many festivals in India, these being the prominent ones.
To sum up, Furthermore these are a horde of important Festivals of India brags of the country’s rich and diverse culture and the religious preferences of the people. Hope this list of Festivals of India triggered a desire to travel to various places in India and celebrate them. If you have questions regarding the Festivals of India, please don’t hesitate to drop it down in the comment box. Stay tuned to know more about Tourism in India.